Dependent Rational Animals

Dependent Rational Animals Author Alasdair C. MacIntyre
ISBN-10 9780812694529
Release 1999
Pages 172
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According to the author of "After Virtue, " to flourish, humans need to develop virtues of independent thought and acknowledged social dependence. This book presents the moral philosopher's comparison of humans to other animals and his exploration of the impact of these virtues.

Alasdair MacIntyre George Lindbeck and the Nature of Tradition

Alasdair MacIntyre  George Lindbeck  and the Nature of Tradition Author David Trenery
ISBN-10 9781630877415
Release 2014-11-06
Pages 288
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What should we believe, and why should we believe it? This book addresses these questions through a critical exposition of the work of the contemporary philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre and of the theologian George Lindbeck, the father of postliberal theology. The book argues that MacIntyre's philosophical development can be seen as a response to the question of how belief in a comprehensive metaphysical system can be justified. Such a system provides its believers with an account of the nature of the universe and human nature, and a basis for their ethical reasoning and action. The book draws on Lindbeck's cultural-linguistic account of religion to argue that such a system is primarily a way of interpreting the world and the place of humanity within it, rather than a speculative theory. The justification of belief in such systems can be understood in terms of MacIntyre's account of tradition-constituted rationality, provided that this notion of rationality is made more specific by the incorporation of elements of Lindbeck's theology. Equally, the book argues that Lindbeck's theology can be strengthened by the incorporation of elements drawn from MacIntyre's work. This book will be of value to students of philosophy and theology and to the general reader who is interested in the question of the grounds of belief.

Dancing with Doctoral Encounters

Dancing with Doctoral Encounters Author Yusef Waghid
ISBN-10 9781920689483
Release 2014-10-01
Pages 158
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This book offers an exposition of the author’s professional encounters with doctoral candidates. In reflecting upon his supervision of these candidates – individuals, each with their own ideas - the author likened these unique relationships with a dance.

Der Begriff der Person in der Ph nomenologie Edmund Husserls

Der Begriff der Person in der Ph  nomenologie Edmund Husserls Author Hiroshi Goto
ISBN-10 3826026594
Release 2004
Pages 304
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Das Hauptthema der Arbeit ist die Person als das freie Subjekt der phänomenologischen Reduktion. Anhand der Husserlschen Bestimmung der Person als der induktiv-empirischen Einheit mit ihrem Habitus einerseits und als der Freiheit andererseits verfolgt die Arbeit den Denkprozeß Husserls. Sie macht schließlich deutlich, daß die Freiheit auf der personalistischen Ebene in die induktiv-empirische Geregeltheit mit umfaßt wird. Demgemäß zeichnet sich der Weg der Reduktion nicht als ,Revolution' (Kant) vielmehr als die kontinuierliche ,Reform' durch induktiv-empirische Gewöhnung (Aristoteles) aus. Das Fazit: Der Weg der Reduktion als ein ständiger Prozeß der freien Selbstbesinnung verlangt eine Tugend der philosophierenden Person, nämlich den Mut zur Philosophie. Und die ganze Phänomenologie erweist sich als eine praktische Wissenschaft im Aristotelischen Sinne, nämlich als eine Phronesis.

Towards A Pre Modern Psychiatry

Towards A Pre Modern Psychiatry Author J. Booth
ISBN-10 9781137286215
Release 2013-04-23
Pages 221
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The author applies modified versions of pre-modern philosophy (including Aristotle and Aquinas) to psychiatry, arguing that the work of the Aristotelian philosopher, Christian and former Marxist, Alasdair MacIntyre is ideally placed to bring about a transformation of psychiatry from its current captivity to the modern scientific technical paradigm.

Growing Moral Relations

Growing Moral Relations Author M. Coeckelbergh
ISBN-10 9781137025968
Release 2012-07-10
Pages 239
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New scientific and technological developments challenge us to reconsider our moral world order. This book offers an original philosophical approach to this issue: it makes a distinctive contribution to the development of a relational approach to moral status by re-defining the problem in a social and phenomenological way.

Reason Will and Emotion

Reason  Will and Emotion Author P. Crittenden
ISBN-10 9781137030979
Release 2012-09-28
Pages 266
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This powerful exploration of an important topic in philosophy of mind from ancient to contemporary philosophy presents an original argument against the current direction of debate and examines a wide range of philosophers from both continental and analytic traditions.

Rational Animals

Rational Animals Author Mark Okrent
ISBN-10 UCR:31210021867955
Release 2007
Pages 222
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Rational Animals: The Teleological Roots of Intentionality offers an original account of the intentionality of human mental states, such as beliefs and desires. The account of intentionality in Rational Animals is broadly biological in its basis, emphasizing the continuity between human intentionality and the levels of intentionality that should be attributed to animal actions and states. Rational Animals will be of interest to cognitive scientists, philosophers of mind, philosophers of biology, philosophers of action, ethologists, and those interested in the debates concerning animal intelligence.

Family Oriented Informed Consent

Family Oriented Informed Consent Author Ruiping Fan
ISBN-10 9783319121208
Release 2015-03-05
Pages 288
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This volume addresses the proper character of patient informed consent to medical treatment and clinical research. The goal is critically to explore the current individually oriented approach to informed consent which grew out of the dominant bioethics movement that arose in the United States in the 1970s. In contrast to that individually oriented approach, this volume explores the importance of family-oriented approaches to informed consent for medical treatment and clinical research. It draws on both East Asian moral resources as well as a critical response to the ways in which the practice of informed consent has developed in the United States

Governing Animals

Governing Animals Author Kimberly K. Smith
ISBN-10 9780199977178
Release 2012-07-05
Pages 240
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What is the role of government in protecting animal welfare? What principles should policy makers draw on as they try to balance animal welfare against human liberty? Much has been written in recent years on our moral duties towards animals, but scholars and activists alike have neglected the important question of how far the state may go to enforce those duties. Kimberly K. Smith fills that gap by exploring how liberal political principles apply to animal welfare policy. Focusing on animal welfare in the United States, Governing Animals begins with an account of the historical relationship between animals and the development of the American liberal welfare state. It then turns to the central theoretical argument: Some animals (most prominently pets and livestock) may be considered members of the liberal social contract. That conclusion justifies limited state intervention to defend their welfare - even when such intervention may harm human citizens. Taking the analysis further, the study examines whether citizens may enjoy property rights in animals, what those rights entail, how animals may be represented in our political and legal institutions, and what strategies for reform are most compatible with liberal principles. The book takes up several policy issues along the way, from public funding of animal rescue operations to the ethics of livestock production, animal sacrifice, and animal fighting. Beyond even these specific policy questions, this book asks what sort of liberalism is suitable for the challenges of the twenty-first century. Smith argues that investigating the political morality of our treatment of animals gives us insight into how to design practices and institutions that protect the most vulnerable members of our society, thus making of our shared world a more fitting home for both humans and the nonhumans to which we are so deeply connected.

Political Reason

Political Reason Author A. Fives
ISBN-10 9781137291622
Release 2012-11-06
Pages 202
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In modern democracies, existing moral pluralism conflicts with a commitment to resolve political disputes by way of moral reasoning. Given this fact, how can there be moral resolutions to political disputes and what type of reasoning is appropriate in the public sphere? Fives explores this by closely analysing the work of MacIntyre and Rawls.

The Physical Nature of Christian Life

The Physical Nature of Christian Life Author Warren S. Brown
ISBN-10 9780521515931
Release 2012-06-18
Pages 190
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This book explores the implications of recent insights in modern neuroscience that attribute mental capacities often ascribed to a disembodied soul instead to the functions of the brain and body in collaboration with social experience. It explores how this insight changes the traditional "care of souls," encouraging more attention to fostering spiritual growth through a social and communal focus.

Objectivism Subjectivism and Relativism in Ethics Volume 25

Objectivism  Subjectivism  and Relativism in Ethics  Volume 25 Author Ellen Frankel Paul
ISBN-10 0521719631
Release 2008-01-28
Pages 421
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Discusses whether we desire things because they are good, or whether they are good because we desire them.

Understanding Faith

Understanding Faith Author Stephen R.L. Clark
ISBN-10 9781845402860
Release 2011-12-12
Pages 277
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Militant atheists often mirror the worst kind of ignorance and hostility that they condemn in traditional believers. Writing both as a philosopher and an Anglican Christian, Professor Clark explores this initial perception, considering such topics as the alleged openness of ‘scientists’ compared with the ‘dogmatism’ of ‘believers’; the difficulty of reading ‘scripture’ outside ‘the community of faith’ that has selected and elaborated it; the problems of moral realism (and the problem with abandoning it); why Darwinian and neo-Darwinian Theory has been unpopular with some believers, and what if anything can still be affirmed from it; what can be learnt from modern biology (especially) about our relations with other creatures; the nature of God; the metaphor of ‘waking up’ as applied to our hopes of heaven; the varieties of possible world orders founded on differing religious schemata (including some atheistical ones); and the place of religion in the State. He concludes, appropriately, with some remarks about the End.

New wine new wineskins

New wine  new wineskins Author William C. Mattison
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105114209708
Release 2005-07-31
Pages 190
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The growing shift in Catholic moral theology from reflecting on rules alone to focusing on the identity and formation of persons as moral agents prompts a further question: What impact do recent changes in the identity and formation of Catholic moral theologians themselves have on how that discipline is practiced? Young Catholic moral theologians experience a sharply different professional formation and a changed location of ongoing professional life than prior generations of moral theologians. How do these differences influence the field of moral theology as a whole? New Wine, New Wineskins: A Next Generation Reflects on Key Issues in Catholic Moral Theology addresses these questions and more by offering a snapshot of how a new generation of Catholic moral theologians understands not only topics in the field, but the effects of their own identity and formation on their treatment of those topics. The distinctive contribution of this volume is the interweaving of three key concerns, all of which arise out of a critical self-reflection on the task of moral theology today: the character and adequacy of training and ongoing formation in the field of Catholic moral theology, the purpose and nature of teaching Catholic moral theology, and the fittingness of methodological debates with regard to the needs of the Christian life. Each essay makes a contribution to its specific area of interest-ranging from economic ethics, to Patristic rhetoric, to the nature and development of practical reasoning-while probing what exactly young Catholic moral theologians are doing, and how they can do what they do better.

Meaning and Morality

Meaning and Morality Author Alan Tapper
ISBN-10 9789004232556
Release 2012-07-05
Pages 234
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The essays in this volume address the importance of Kovesi's work on moral philosophy and concept formation. The essays extend Kovesi's insights on moral philosophy into broader areas and compares and contrasts his work with that of key ancient and contemporary thinkers.

Virtue Ethics Dewey and MacIntyre

Virtue Ethics  Dewey and MacIntyre Author Stephen Carden
ISBN-10 9781847143860
Release 2006-03-12
Pages 158
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Modern ethical theory has experienced a resurgence of interest in the virtues. Long relegated to the ancient and medieval past, virtue theory is now considered by many to be a viable alternative to the otherwise dominant Kantian and Utilitarian ethical theories. Alasdair MacIntyre is a central figure in this movement, whose work forms an expanding yet consistent and influential project to address fundamental issues in ethical theory and American culture. However, many of his ideas were anticipated by John Dewey, who also has a great deal to say about the virtues in a moral life. This book offers, as it were, a critique of MacIntyre by Dewey that allows these two philosophers to converse about the nature and origins of the virtues and their importance for living a good life. Stephen Carden argues that Dewey has the more comprehensive view of the virtues and that a close comparison of their ideas reveals several significant weaknesses in MacIntyre's position.